Synchronization Systems

  • Synchronization Systems
  • Synchronization Systems
  • Synchronization Systems
  • Synchronization Systems
  • Synchronization Systems
  • Synchronization Systems

R&D Group of EMSA GENERATOR conducts necessary works in terms of lack of high power diesel motor in the world & high costs and develops special projects that provide big benefits for its clients. With multi-generator synchronization systems, users avoid high costs and dependency on single generator. Our specialized personnel design and develop projects in accordance with the demands and requirements of client representatives.

WHAT IS SYNCHRONIZATION?

It is simultaneously matching to the same frequency and voltage values of a different source (such as grid or generator) by changing the frequency and voltage values of a generator set.

WHAT IS PARALLEL OPERATION?

After synchronizing generators with different or equal power, their simultaneous feed of the load is called parallel operation.

Parallel operation allows more installed power by combining the generators’ power and instead of using generators of high power values, using multiple smaller generators is preferred due to its advantages.

WHAT IS LOAD SHARING?

Sharing the active or reactive load by the parallel operated generators in different or equal power based on their power level is called load sharing.

WHAT IS SOFT TRANSFER?

In soft transfer method, the load is transferred gradually between two sources in a defined period, at the end of the load transfer the circuit breaker of the source in no-load phase is tripped. The greatest advantage is not being affected by load transfer, their life cycle is extended due to the arc-free operation of the breaking elements that are tripped with no load.

WHY PARALLEL OPERATION?

COSTS ; The diesel engines being utilized in today’s 500 kVA - 550 kVA generators having the diesel engines that are utilized in construction machinery, trucks and 18-wheelers lead to an increase in the demand and in turn an increase in mass production at mentioned power levels and as a result lead to a decrease in engine costs. These costs are lower when compared with a single engine with the same power level. The engines with high power levels are manufactured based on request, has a high delivery period and is a high cost component.

Parallel systems, in addition to the advantages in first instalment costs, they offer benefits from a delivery period, operation, maintenance and spare parts costs standpoint.

RELIABILITY ; In parallel systems where one generator is out of service for any reason, the remaining generators continue to feed the emergency loads. However in a system with a single generator, this is not possible.

FLEXIBILITY ; In parallel systems the power levels of the generators may be equal or different based on the field-load conditions. Therefore when the power requirements are down to minimum, the generators with low power levels are operated and when the demand increases, the required amount of generators are operated to achieve maximum fuel saving, minimum wear and tear costs.

Another advantage of the parallel systems is: on sites with restricted or challenging physical conditions, moving, placing or mounting the generators are relatively easier.

SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE ; In parallel systems, operating the generators in equal periods decrease the generator maintenance periods, increase the system utilization period and also lowers the maintenance costs. If a generator requires service, it can easily be stopped and serviced. In the mean time the emergency loads are fed by other generators in the system and the system is not interrupted.

GENERATOR CONTROL DEVICES

The generators consist the diesel engine and alternator components. The diesel engine creates the mechanical motion that is required by the alternator to generate electricity while the alternator is tasked to convert this mechanical energy to electrical energy. The first duty of the generator control units is to fulfil the controlling, monitoring and protection functions for the two main components.

The control units ensures that the diesel engines are operated at a constant speed, monitors the speed, oil pressure, temperature, cooling system elements constantly during operation and in an event of data outside the range, ensures that the engine is stopped as soon as possible, as safe as possible.

The control units constantly monitor the electrical energy generated by the turning of the alternator and in an event of out of range data for the energy generated, the voltage, the frequency, the current, power etc. ensures that the engine is stopped as soon as possible, as safe as possible (SMART 500, Trans AMF etc.).

GOVERNOR

The main element that ensures that the diesel engine rotates at a constant speed. It has mechanic or electronic types and in synchronous systems, the electronic types with remote control is utilized.

AVR

It is a main component with electronic nature that ensures that the electrical energy generated by the alternator is kept at a constant rate. In synchronous systems, models with remote control is used.

SYNCHRONIZATION CONTROL DEVICES

Synchronous control devices are essentially generator control devices and fulfils the same functions of a generator control device and ensures, by controlling the GOVERNOR and AVR cards of the generator, that the generator is synchronized with another source, having soft load transfer with other sources and load sharing as planned with different sources.

Today many brands have related synchronous control devices, as Emsa Jeneratör, the utilized major manufacturers and products are listed below.

  • D700 series products are commonly used in synchronous projects.
  • COMPACT, INTELIGEN series products are commonly used in synchronous projects.
  • EASYGEN 2xxxx/3xxx series products are commonly used in synchronous projects.
  • AGC-2xx series products are commonly used in synchronous projects.
  • DSE-86xx series products are commonly used in synchronous projects.

EMSA GENERATOR SYNCHRONOUS SYSTEM SOLUTIONS

Emsa Jeneratör provides solutions from grid // generator, generator // generator parallel operations at the most basic level to high level power plant projects in synchronous systems.

In MV / LV synchronization systems, import / export operation modes, any single line and operation scenario for private or government tenders, Emsa Jeneratör offers full field energy automation design, manufacturing and commissioning including PLC supported, HMI and SCADA components.

ISLAND MODE OPERATION

ISLE Mode Generator Synchronous Control Power Panel

In Island mode operation, the system does not follow a mains source and does not automatically operate the generators. The system waits for the remote start signal that will be sent by the customer for operation and when the signal is received, the generators are powered on, connected to their busbars in sync and if any, feed the load. In the second operation alternative, the generators in the system are operated by the operator and ensures load feed.

It is preferred in open field or construction sites where a mains source is not present.

The option to operate the generators based on customer decision is preferred in scenarios where the units will be used with the current ATS systems that are established on the customer side.

SINGLE PARALLEL TO MAINS OPERATION - AMF MODE - UNINTERRUPTED - SOFT TRANSFER

In AMF mode operation the system follows a mains source and in an event where the mains energy may not be utilized, the generators are automatically operated and the loads are fed by the generators.

The system ensures that when the mains energy may be utilized once more, ensures that the generators are in synchronous with the mains energy, the generators and the mains feed the load in parallel for a certain period and then the load is gradually and in phases, transferred to the mains and the generators are cut off from the load, at the end of the cooling run, they are stopped until the next mains failure.

SINGLE PARALLEL TO MAINS OPERATION - AMF MODE - UNINTERRUPTED - SOFT TRANSFER

SINGLE PARALLEL TO MAINS - AMF MODE - SHORT INTERRUPTED TRANSFER

In AMF mode operation the system follows a mains source and in an event where the mains energy may not be utilized, the generators are automatically operated and the loads are fed by the generators.

The system trips the common output breaker of the generators as soon as the mains energy is at an operable level, the generators are separated from the load and the mains breaker is closed. The load is fed by mains energy. At the end of the cooling run, they are stopped until the next mains failure.

SINGLE PARALLEL TO MAINS - AMF MODE - SHORT INTERRUPTED TRANSFER

SPECIAL SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM SYSTEMS

In special single line systems, there may be multiple mains transformer, multiple generators, multiple connectors between generators, coupling connections between loads and step up transformers. Generally for these systems the operation scenarios are determined based on the field and the load conditions.

In align with the operating scenario and customer demands, the project may include PLC, HMI (operator panel) and SCADA systems.

SPECIAL SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM SYSTEMS
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